The artist and initiator of the first documenta – Arnold Bode was a German curator, art professor, painter, designer and initiator of the first documenta. He was born in Kassel, Germany. In 1919 he studied painting and art design at the Kunstakademie in Kassel. Bode worked from 1928 to 1933 as a painter and university lecturer in Berlin. When the Nazis came to power they banned him from his profession. Arnold Bode returned to his hometown of Kassel following the war.